By Paul A. Lange
Air carriers have long participated in safety-based voluntary data sharing and disclosure programs. The FAA first initiated such programs in the 1990s. Examples include the Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP), Flight Operation Quality Assurance (FOQA), and Safety Management Systems (SMS). Some of these programs even incorporate the older, but still in use, Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) – often referred to as the “NASA report”.